The IEEE 1588 uses two types of time field formats:
- Time-of-Day (ToD) Format
- IEEE 1588-2008 format consisting of an unsigned 48-bit second field and a 32-bit nanosecond field. This format is compatible with version 1 of the standard.
- Correction Field Format
- Introduced in version 2 to handle Transparent clocks and better than 1 ns precision.
It is a signed 64-bit integer in units of 2-16 ns. For
example, 2.5 ns is represented as
system_timer is implemented as an
internal, unsigned linear counter which counts time in units of 2-40 ns. Each clock cycle
incremented by the quantity
represents the period of the system timer clock in the same units. For example, for a
nominal 644.0625 MHz clock, the increment value would be
42'h18D_3018_D302 (1,705,908,949,762 × 2-40 ns). This
increment value is configured by the DCMAC Subsystem at
start-up. If KP4-FEC is in use, a different initial value is configured:
The DCMAC Subsystem exposes 32 bits of
system_timer through the various timestamping
interfaces (that is, TX and RX packet timestamps equivalent to a timer which counts in units
of 2‑8 ns (that is, ~3.9 ps). User logic can map these 32 bits
directly into Bits[39:8] of a correction field format timestamp. The upper bits of the
system timer can be derived from the
because the values should be within the approximate latency of the RX or TX path. The bottom
eight correction field bits should be set to
8’h0 as this
degree of precision is not supported by the architecture. Note that this same mapping is
used in 1-step timestamp insertion.
The least significant 32 bits (that is, < 2-8
ns portion of the counter) and the upper 23 bits of the DCMAC Subsystem system timer are not available through the timestamping
interfaces. The lower bits allow the
system_timer to be
adjusted at fine-grained sub-nanosecond levels to track an external master clock as
described in the next section.