You can use cell bloating to insert whitespace (increased cell spacing) during the
place_design step. This leads to a lower density of cells in a given area of the die, which can reduce congestion by increasing available routing. This technique is particularly effective in small, congested areas of relatively high-performance logic.
To use cell bloating, apply the CELL_BLOAT_FACTOR property to hierarchical cells and set the value to LOW, MEDIUM, or HIGH. When working with smaller modules of several hundred cells, HIGH is the recommended setting.