Arithmetic Operations - 2021.1 English

Xilinx Standalone Library Documentation OS and Libraries Document Collection (UG643)

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2021.1 English

Software implementations of integer and floating point arithmetic is available as library routines in libgcc.a for both processors. The compiler for both the processors inserts calls to these routines in the code produced, in case the hardware does not support the arithmetic primitive with an instruction.

Details of the software implementations of integer and floating point arithmetic for MicroBlaze processors are listed below:

Integer Arithmetic

By default, integer multiplication is done in software using the library function __mulsi3. Integer multiplication is done in hardware if the -mno-xl-soft-mul mb-gcc option is specified. Integer divide and mod operations are done in software using the library functions __divsi3 and __modsi3. The MicroBlaze processor can also be customized to use a hard divider, in which case the div instruction is used in place of the __divsi3 library routine. Double precision multiplication, division and mod functions are carried out by the library functions __muldi3, __divdi3, and __moddi3 respectively. The unsigned version of these operations correspond to the signed versions described above, but are prefixed with an __u instead of __.

Floating Point Arithmetic

All floating point addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, and conversions are implemented using software functions in the C library.

Thread Safety

The standard C library provided with the Vitis IDE is not built for a multi-threaded environment. STDIO functions like printf(), scanf() and memory management functions like malloc() and free() are common examples of functions that are not thread-safe. When using the C library in a multi-threaded environment, proper mutual exclusion techniques must be used to protect thread unsafe functions.