|Package||Product Category||Peak Package Reflow Body Temperature 1||JEDEC Moisture Sensitivity Level (MSL)|
Mass reflow: 250°C
Dry rework: 260°C
Mass reflow: 240°C
Dry rework: 260°C
For sophisticated boards with a substantial mix of large and small components, it is critical to minimize the ΔT across the board (<10°C) to minimize board warpage and thus, attain higher assembly yields. Minimizing the ΔT is accomplished by using a slower rate in the warm-up and preheating stages.
It is also important to minimize the temperature gradient on the component, between top surface and bottom side, especially during the cooling down phase. The key is to optimize cooling while maintaining a minimal temperature differential between the top surface of the package and the solder joint area. The temperature differential between the top surface of the component and the solder balls should be maintained at less than 7°C during the critical region of the cooling phase of the reflow process. This critical region is in the part of the cooling phase where the balls are not completely solidified to the board yet, usually between the 200°C–217°C range. To efficiently cool the parts, divide the cooling section into multiple zones, with each zone operating at different temperatures.
The optimal profile must take into account the solder paste/flux used, the size of the board, the density of the components on the board, and the mix between large components and smaller, lighter components. Profiles should be established for all new board designs using thermocouples at multiple locations on the component. In addition, if there is a mixture of devices on the board, then the profile should be checked at various locations on the board, as shown in the following thermocouple pictures. Ensure that the minimum reflow temperature is reached to reflow the larger components and at the same time, the temperature does not exceed the threshold temperature that might damage the smaller, heat sensitive components.