Each AIE-ML tile contains a memory-mapped AXI4 interconnect for use by external blocks to write to or read from any of the registers or memories in the AIE-ML tile. The memory-mapped AXI4 interconnect inside the AIE-ML array can be driven from outside of the AIE-ML array by any AXI4 master that can connect to the network on chip (NoC). All internal resources in an AIE-ML tile including memory, and all registers in an AIE-ML and AIE-ML memory module, are mapped onto a memory-mapped AXI4 interface.
Each AIE-ML tile has a memory-mapped AXI4 switch that accepts all memory-mapped AXI4 accesses from the south direction. If the address is for the tile, access occurs. Otherwise, the access is passed to the next tile in the north direction.
The following figure shows the addressing scheme of memory-mapped AXI4 in the AIE-ML tile. The increase in the tile address space is to accommodate the memory tile (512 KB) and also the increase in tile data memory from 32 KB to 64 KB. The lower 20 bits represent the tile address range, followed by five bits that represent the row location and seven bits that represent the column location.
The AIE-ML internal memory-mapped AXI4 interconnect is a subset of the full memory-mapped AXI4 protocol, with the following limitations.
- No write data before write address
- Only one
WSTRBsignal for the write data
- Only burst of one to four, 32-bit words
- 32-bit fixed size
- Burst aligned to 128-bit boundaries