PCS/PMA Only Clocking - 2.7 English

1G/10G/25G Switching Ethernet Subsystem Product Guide (PG292)

Document ID
PG292
Release Date
2022-05-11
Version
2.7 English

The clocking architecture for the 10G/25G PCS is illustrated below. There are three clock domains in the datapath, as illustrated by the dashed lines in the following figure.

Figure 1. PCS/PMA Clocking
refclk_p0, refclk_n0, tx_serdes_refclk
The refclk differential pair is required to be an input to the FPGA. The example design includes a buffer to convert this clock to a single-ended signal refclk, which is used as the reference clock for the GT block. The tx_serdes_refclk is directly derived from refclk. Note that refclk must be chosen so that the tx_mii_clk meets the requirements of 802.3, which is within 100 ppm of 390.625 MHz for 25G and 156.25 MHz for 10G.
tx_mii_clk
The tx_mii_clk is an output which is the same as the tx_serdes_refclk. The entire TX path is driven by this clock. You must synchronize the TX path mii bus to this clock output. All TX control and status signals are referenced to this clock.
rx_serdes_clk
The rx_serdes_clk is derived from the incoming data stream within the GT block. The incoming data stream is processed by the RX core in this clock domain.
rx_clk_out
The rx_clk_out output signal is presented as a reference for the RX control and status signals processed by the RX core. It is the same frequency as the rx_serdes_clk.
dclk
The dclk signal must be a convenient, stable clock. It is used as a reference frequency for the GT helper blocks which initiate the GT itself. In the example design, a typical value is 75 MHz, which is readily derived from the 300 MHz clock available on the VCU107 evaluation board. Note that the actual frequency must be known to the GT helper blocks for proper operation.