Control Requirements for XRT-Managed Kernels - 2021.2 English

Vitis Unified Software Platform Documentation: Application Acceleration Development (UG1393)

Document ID
UG1393
ft:locale
English (United States)
Release Date
2021-12-15
Version
2021.2 English
Important: User-managed kernels do not require the control registers and signals described below, but they can implement a control structure using registers in an s_axilite interface as discussed in Creating User-Managed RTL Kernels. If your RTL module implements a different control structure, you can define it as a user_managed kernel or it must be adapted to conform to the XRT-managed requirements described here.

The following table outlines the required register map for an XRT-managed kernel to be used within the Vitis tools and XRT. The control register is required by kernels that specify ap_ctrl_hs and ap_ctrl_chain control protocols as described in Execution Modes. Kernels that implement ap_ctrl_none and user_managed control protocols do not require the control registers described below.

Tip: The interrupt related registers are only required for designs that implement interrupts.

All user-defined registers must begin at location 0x10; locations below this are reserved. These include registers for kernel arguments such as scalar values and address offsets passed to memory mapped interfaces.

Table 1. Register Address Map
Offset Name Description
0x0 Control Controls and provides kernel status.
0x4 Global Interrupt Enable Used to enable interrupt to the host.
0x8 IP Interrupt Enable Used to control which IP generated signals are used to generate an interrupt.
0xC IP Interrupt Status Provides interrupt status.
0x10 Kernel arguments This would include scalars and global memory arguments for example.

The following table shows the control signals that are accessed through the control register (offset 0x0). The control register and its signals are determined by the kernel execution mode, ap_ctrl_hs and ap_ctrl_chain.

The available signals are used by the different control protocols as explained in Supported Kernel Execution Models in the XRT documentation. For example, for the sequential execution mode ap_ctrl_hs the host typically writes 0x00000001 to the offset 0 control register which sets Bit 0, clears Bits 1 and 2, and polls on reading ap_done signal until it is a 1.

Table 2. Control Register Signals
Bit Name Description
0 ap_start Asserted when the kernel can start processing data. Cleared on handshake with ap_done being asserted.
1 ap_done Asserted when the kernel has completed operation. Cleared on read.
2 ap_idle Asserted when the kernel is idle.
3 ap_ready Asserted by the kernel when it is ready to accept the new data
4 ap_continue Asserted by the XRT to allow kernel keep running
7 auto_restart Used to enable automatic kernel restart as described in Working with Auto-Restarting Kernels.
31:5 Reserved Reserved

The following interrupt related registers are only required if the kernel has an interrupt.

Table 3. Global Interrupt Enable (0x4)
Bit Name Description
0 Global Interrupt Enable When asserted, along with the IP Interrupt Enable bit, the interrupt is enabled.
31:1 Reserved Reserved
Table 4. IP Interrupt Enable (0x8)
Bit Name Description
0 Interrupt Enable When asserted, along with the Global Interrupt Enable bit, the interrupt is enabled.
31:1 Reserved Reserved
Table 5. IP Interrupt Status (0xC)
Bit Name Description
0 Interrupt Status Toggle on write.
31:1 Reserved Reserved